Lightining Rod

In addition to the thunders that we hear a lot on stormy days, the lightning that accompanies them are extremely dangerous natural events. What is the lightning rod we use to protect against lightning that causes fire and death, how it works, how it was discovered for the first time, let’s examine it in a little more detail.
Unfortunately, we have often experienced in recent years in disasters in our country how dangerous natural events such as earthquakes, floods and avalanches can be. However, one of them is often overlooked; lightning. A lightning strike can be the beginning of many great disasters, especially fires, and even the end can be death when it falls directly on a living thing.

Our biggest weapon against lightning strikes is lightning rod. The lightning rod system has been used by people for hundreds of years as a precaution against lightning strikes.

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Using lightning rods is a real life saver, especially in cities and high-rise buildings where the electricity load is intense. Let’s take a closer look at questions like what is a lightning rod, how does it work, how was it discovered for the first time. What is a lightning rod?
Lightning rod is one of the most effective parts of a precautionary system called lightning protection system, which has been used for hundreds of years all over the world. In other words, contrary to what is known, the name of this system is not lightning rod. The lightning rod is only part of this complex system. However, it is possible to say that it is the most important part.

Lightning protection system; It consists of lightning rod, conductor, grounding and surge arrester, which is the catch part. The part that catches the lightning as soon as it hits is the lightning rod. Although it has different uses throughout history, basically most of this system is made of metal material. Thus, the electrically charged lightning is transmitted to the ground without damaging anything. First of all, the building where a lightning rod is to be installed is examined by experts. Studies are carried out on how often lightning will strike, what diameter it will have, how much energy it can come with. According to the results of this study, the most suitable lightning rod type is selected. Visit

After selecting the appropriate lightning protection system, first the metal lightning rod is placed at the highest point of the building, that is, the closest point to the lightning. A downward conductor system is laid so that the lightning rod that catches the lightning transmits the energy. A grounding system is installed to ensure that the energy sent by the conductor is mixed with the ground, and a surge suppressor system is installed to prevent the energy absorbed by the soil from being dissipated.

The working principle of the lightning protection system is simple; the attraction of energy and temperature-laden lightning by the metal system and the transfer of the drawn power to the ground, which is the most harmless target. We can see it as a version of the grounding system used in homes that can withstand much greater energies.